translation

translation, version, paraphrase, metaphrase can all denote a restating in intelligible language of the meaning or sense of a passage or work or the passage or work that is the product of such a restatement.
Translation implies a turning from one language into another
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English translations of the Bible

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a literal translation

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translation is an art that involves the re-creation of a work in another language, for readers with a different background— Malcolm Cowley

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Version (see also ACCOUNT 2) may be used in place of translation especially to imply a rendering that adheres rather to the spirit than to a literal translating of the original
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the year 1632 saw a complete version of the Aeneid by Vicars— Conington

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but often it is used to denote one of the translations of a given work, and especially of the Bible
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the Authorized or King James Version

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the Douay Version is used by English-speaking Roman Catholics

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Paraphrase may apply to a very free translation the purpose of which is to present the meaning rather than the phrasing of a passage or work
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a translation must be a paraphrase to be readable— FitzGerald

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It may apply also to an imitation with enough changes to obscure its indebtedness to an original in another tongue
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[Latin] plays which were not paraphrases from the Greek— Buchan

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Commonly, however, the term denotes a free, amplified, and often, interpretative rendering of the sense of a difficult passage in the same language
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write a paraphrase of Milton's Lycidas

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paraphrases of the Psalms in the Authorized Version

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Metaphrase is occasionally used by learned writers to denote a translation that is almost slavishly faithful to the original (what is often called a literal translation) to distinguish it from a paraphrase or free translation
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the way I have taken [in a translation of the Aeneid] is not so straight as metaphrase, nor so loose as paraphraseDryden

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New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • translation — [ trɑ̃slasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • déb. XIIIe; « traduction » 1170; lat. translatio, de transferre 1 ♦ Littér. Le fait de transporter (les restes, le corps d une personne). ⇒ transfert. « La translation des restes de Napoléon est une faute contre la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • translation — trans‧la‧tion [trænsˈleɪʆn, trænz ] noun 1. [countable, uncountable] FINANCE the process of changing one currency into another: • Favorable foreign currency translations boosted profits. translation into • After translation into Swiss francs,… …   Financial and business terms

  • translation — Translation. subst. f. v. Transport. Action par laquelle on fait passer une chose d un lieu en un autre. Translation d un corps saint. On dit, La translation d une feste. En parlant d une feste qui a esté remise d un jour à un autre. Et on dit,… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Translation — Trans*la tion, n. [F. translation, L. translatio a transferring, translation, version. See {Translate}, and cf. {Tralation}.] 1. The act of translating, removing, or transferring; removal; also, the state of being translated or removed; as, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • translation — [trans lā′shən, tranzlā′shən] n. [ME translacioun < MFr translation < L translatio] 1. a translating or being translated 2. the result of a translating; esp., writing or speech translated into another language 3. Mech. motion in which every …   English World dictionary

  • Translation — ist die Bewegung eines Punktsystems, bei welcher alle Punkte kongruente parallele Bahnen gleicher Länge in demselben Sinne beschreiben. Eine unendlich kleine Translation kann als spezieller Fall der Rotation aufgefaßt werden und geht aus dieser… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • translation — index construction, definition, explanation, paraphrase, rendition (explication), restatement Burton s Legal Thesaurus …   Law dictionary

  • translation — (n.) mid 14c., removal of a saint s body or relics to a new place, also rendering of a text from one language to another, from O.Fr. translation (12c.) or directly from L. translationem, noun of action from pp. stem of transferre (see TRANSFER… …   Etymology dictionary

  • translation — translation. См. трансляция. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Translation — (v. lat.), 1) Umstellung; 2) Übertragung, z.B. der Rechte auf Andere; 3) Übersetzung; 4) in der Telegraphie, s.u. Telegraph S. 337; daher Translator, Übertrager, 1) in der Telegraphie, s.u. Telegraph S. 337; 2) Übersetzer; in der Türkei bei der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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